În primul semestru al anului 2006, numărul de conexiuni la Internet în bandă largă a crescut cu 60%

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  • However, only 11% of the population has access to Internet services, which is below the European average

 

Expanding broadband networks and increasing information security is a prerequisite for a knowledge-based economy. Its development is one of the pillars of Romania’s economic growth strategy, which includes the promotion of innovation and the development of a competitive information society.
„We want the broadband strategy to offer a broadening solution for Internet access in Romania. We estimate that Romania will benefit from approximately 4 million broadband connections in 2009,” said Florin Bejan, Secretary of State for Communications at the Ministry Communications and Information Technology at the international conference „European Communications in Romania”, which took place on October 17 in Bucharest.
According to the President of the National Regulatory Authority for Communications (ANRC), Mr. Dan Georgescu, in Romania broadband Internet has the fastest development in all the countries of Southeastern Europe. The number of broadband Internet access connections increased by 60% in the first half of 2006, from 750,000 connections in December 2005 to about 1.2 million on June 30, 2006.
The high-speed Internet sector continues to be a leading segment of the Romanian electronic communications market. „At the end of last year, with a penetration rate of 3.46% for broadband Internet access, we could say that Romania has the highest penetration rate of broadband Internet access in Southeast Europe, much above the average of the region, which was around 1.6%, six months later, the penetration rate of broadband Internet access services in Romania reached 5.5%. among the largest in Europe, „said ANRC President.
The number of Internet providers has grown a lot. By the middle of this year there were more than 1,100, up 17% more than at the end of 2005. However, at the level of the population, Internet access is still below the European average. Thus, on June 30, 2006, only 11% of the population had access to Internet services. The development of metropolitan networks is a solution to expand the population’s access to internet services.
Within the Sectoral Operational Program „Increasing Economic Competitiveness” (POS Competitiveness), the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology is the Intermediate Body that manages the promotion of the information society in Romania through European funds.
Increasing penetration of Internet services (enterprises / population) from 52% and 19% in 2004 to 70% and 55% in 2015 is one of the objectives of SOP Competitiveness. During the elaboration of the Operational Program, each objective was established on the basis of several analyzes, including a calculation of the competitiveness gap between Romania and the EU25 average, based on a complex series of quantitative and qualitative indicators.
Regarding the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the private sector, Romania has a gap of -3.01, and in the use of ICT by citizens we have a gap of -1.9.
Analiza comparativă a performanţelor României în domeniul societăţii informaţionale a arătat că, deşi în domeniul informatizării învăţământului şi administraţiei publice, România a înregistrat anumite progrese, sectorul corporatist a reacţionat foarte lent până acum la schimbările venite din direcţia societăţii informaţionale.
Contribuţia pe care utilizarea TIC o aduce la creşterea economică se realizează prioritar prin utilizarea sa la nivelul firmelor. Utilizarea TIC-ului este de natură să stimuleze dezvoltarea extensivă şi intensivă a sectorului producţiei de bunuri şi servicii. În ceea ce priveşte dezvoltarea extensivă, TIC-ul oferă oportunitatea firmelor româneşti de a accesa noi pieţe pe plan regional şi global sau de a promova şi comercializa produse şi servicii prin mijloace electronice.
Dezvoltarea intensivă se datorează scăderii costurilor de producţie, administrare, desfacere, datorate utilizării TIC, ce poate rezulta într-o creştere semnificativă a productivităţii factorilor utilizaţi.
Pentru susţinerea sectorului TIC, POS Competitivitate va susţine acţiuni precum:
– Sprijinirea furnizorilor de reţele de comunicaţii electronice în vederea  extinderii şi modernizării infrastructurii în zonele în care piaţa nu poate susţine acest lucru, astfel încât să fie posibil accesul la Internet prin conexiuni broadband;
– Sprijinirea construirii de telecentre în zonele în care piaţa nu a reacţionat, prin care să fie posibil accesul public la Internet prin conexiuni broadband;
– Susţinerea accesului IMM-urilor la Internet şi la serviciile conexe.
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