APIA: Payments worth 710 million euros for Romanian farmers

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The flat-rate payments per area made by the Agency for Payment and Intervention for Agriculture (APIA) from the European funds and from the national budget exceed 710 million euros, of the total forecast for 2007, worth 730.8 million euros, according to information supplied by APIA.
 
‘’We still have to pay about 1 million euros for 3,230 farmers who have problems related to litigations or over-declared areas,’’ said the spokesperson for the Agency for Payment and Intervention for Agriculture, Dragos Nacuta.
Of the overall number of 1,241,701 farmers who requested direct flat-rate payments per area for 2007, as many as 1,238,471 have already received the sums due to single payments per area and to the Complementary National Direct Payments for 8.588 million hectares.
 
Of the overall sum paid to farmers, due for 2007, over 435 million euros were earmarked by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) within the Single Area Payment Scheme (SAPS) and 270 million euros were allotted from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and from the national budget.According to Nacuta, the fines for July implemented by the European Commission amount to 219,000 euros, very little compared to the absorption of 435 million euros.
 
Part of the farmers were excluded, whereas other farmers were fined for the delay in the submission of the documents or for over-declared areas. Fines got those farmers who did not observe the Good Agriculture and Environment Conditions (GAEC). However, the maximal fines per one application could not exceed 20% of the value of the financial aid.
 
The budget allotted to Romania within the Single Area Payment Scheme (SAPS) for 2007 was of 440 million euros of the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF), representing a subsidy worth 50.5 euros per one hectare plus the 290.2 million euros earmarked by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and by the national budget. For 2008, the budget allotted by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund amounts to 527.9 million euros, with the Romanian farmers set to receive 60.6 euros per hectare.
 
To these sums add the payments from the national budget (Complementary National Direct Payments) established for 2007 at 47 euros for the basic cultures.
The Community Direct Payments are extended per area and the Complementary National Direct Payments are granted for cultures and from this type of aid benefit those farmers who effectively exploit their land.
 
According to the Agency for Payment and Intervention for Agriculture, the farmer has to exploit an agricultural land with an area of at least one hectare and the area of the plot has to be of at least 0.3 ha. For the vineyards, orchards, hop cultures, tree nurseries, wine growing nurseries or fruit trees, the minimal plot has to be of at least 0.1 ha.
 
The farmer has the obligation of declaring all agricultural plots and to observe the Good Agriculture and Environment Conditions (GAEC) for the entire agricultural exploitation. The funds granted through the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) will increase each year gradually until 2013.

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