The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 stood at 11 percentage points below the target of 70 percent established for 2010 through the Lisbon Strategy, and at 6.9 percentage points, respectively against the value reported within the EU27.
In 2008, Romania’s active population stood at 9.944 million people, of which 9.369 million employed and 575,000 unemployed, according to BIM.
The economic dependency report (the number of inactive and unemployed people in every 1,000 active people) stood at 1,297 in every 1,000 people, higher as regards women (1,619 in 1,000 people, compared to 1,033 in case of men) and for those living in the urban areas (1,318 in 1,000 people, against 1,271 in the rural areas).
The activity rate for those with the legal age to work (15-64 years old) was 62.9 percent.
The employment rate of youth (aged 15-24) stood at 24.8 percent last year, while that of older people (aged 55-64) was of 43.1 percent.
The highest level of the employment rate of those with the legal age to work was reported among the graduates of higher education (85.6 percent). According to INS, the employment rate drops concurrently with the education level.
Thus, some 63.5 percent of the people with average education were employed compared to the 41 percent of those with a low education level.
Employees continue to account for the largest share in the total active population (67.4 percent), with their number being by 120,000 higher than the previous year.
Freelancers and unpaid family workers accounted for 31.2 percent of the employed population last year.
By occupation categories, farmers and workers specialized in agriculture, forestry and fishing accounted for 23.7 percent of the total employed population. Craftsmen and workmanship specialists accounted for a significant share (16.3 percent).
As regards the distribution of the employed on branches of the national economy, 28.8 percent of the total employed people were active in the agricultural sector, 31.4 percent in industry and constructions and 39.8 percent in the service sector.
As many as 6.675 million people were employed in non-agricultural activities, with the processing industry, trade and constructions holding significant shares thereof (28.9 pct, 17.7 pct and 11.2 pct, respectively).
The number of those employed in sectors like financial, banking and insurance brokerage hiked compared to 2007 (plus 13.5 pct), as well as of those working in hotels and restaurants (plus 12.9 pct), constructions (plus 10 pct) and on the real estate market (plus 5.8 pct).
On the other hand, the number of the people employed in the electric power, gas and water sector dropped (minus 82 pct), as did the number of those active in agriculture, hunting and forestry (minus 2.4 percent) and the processing industry (minus 2.2 pct).
The average actual working week for the main activity was of 39.6 hours in 2008, according to INS.