Vice-Premier Dan Nica specified, in the end of the meeting of the Central Coordinating Political Bureau of the coalition, that there were discussed the concrete steps to be taken in the organization of the presidential elections this autumn, which are approximately the same with the ones in 2000 and 2004, with only certain technical amendments to be brought and certain regulations regarding the prevention of the so-called electoral tourism to be adopted.
The upcoming presidential elections in Romania, on November 22, will be the first after the amendments that were brought to the Romanian Constitution, adopted through referendum back in October 2003, which stipulated, among other things, also the prolonging of the elected President’s term in office from 4 to 5 years.
Moreover, according to Law No. 370 as of 2004 over the election of the Romanian President, the incumbent head of state has the right to participate in the presidential campaign of the political party or political alliance which had proposed him too or is supporting his candidacy.
He also has the right, while in the last three months of his term in office, to candidate as an independent on the lists of a political party, political alliance or electoral partnership, in order to obtain a deputy or senator seat.
Moreover, the candidate has to submit to the Central Electoral Bureau (BEC) an wealth statement, a statement on his own responsibility regarding his affiliation or non-affiliation as an agent or collaborator with the Securitate during the communist regime and also a list of minimum 200,000 signatures of people who support him.
Political parties and political alliances have the right to one single candidate. The proposals will be submitted to the BEC, 30 days before the election date, at the latest.
In case there exist evidence of fraud during the casting of votes, the Constitutional Court will cancel the elections. In this context, the Court will schedule the respective round of elections on the second Sunday since the cancellation.
Political parties or candidates participating in the elections, who ask for the elections to be canceled, have to justify their claim and bring proofs, in no more than 3 days since the voting process was stopped.
No Romanian President will have the right to more than two terms in office, successive or not.
According to the in force legislation over the presidential elections, aspirants to the highest positions in the state have to submit their candidacy to the BEC 30 days before the election date, at the latest.
In no more than ten days since the submission process is closed, on October 23, people will have the right to contest the results.
The electoral campaign will start on October 23, will last for 30 days and will be ended 24 hours before the day of the polls.
The ballots will be printed with at least three days before the day of the polls.
The second round of the elections, scheduled for December 6, will be launched in the very day in which the Constitutional Court announces the name of the first two candidates after the first round.
The variant existed with the first round scheduled for November 29 and the second for December 13, but elections would have thus been pushed too close to the Christmas time, as the Democrat-Liberals said, so that this variant was finally dropped.
The decision with elections to be held on November 29 and December 13 will be made official through issue of Government Decision, to be based on an Emergency Ordinance bringing amendments to the election law.
An Emergency Ordinance to amend Law No 370 as of 2004 over the elections of the president will be adopted in the following days.
Romanian Prime Minister Emil Boc stated, in the beginning of the Government meeting on August 29, that the Ordinance will bring no changes to the manner in which the rights to elect and be elected is performed, but it will regulate in exchange certain technical problems related to the actual voting process.