Presidential committee: Necessary is migration policy at national level

The drawing up of a policy of migration at national level is one of the recommedations included in the report of the presidential committee for the analysis of the social and demographic risks in Romania, launched on Tuesday, Sept 22, at the Cotroceni Palace.

„The major objective of the Romanian policy of foreign migration must be the optimization of the traffic for work abroad, with the favouring of the processes of return to the country of the Romanian immigrants, „pointing out that that could be a factor of fall in the immigration for good, from the country.

As regards the immigrants, it is considered that those from the Republic of Moldova or from other spaces with Romanian immigration have „resolved from a start the language problems, being to an advantage with a view to a rapid integration.”

„The relatively low costs of the workforce brought from very different countries, China for instance, can be in time seriously increased at the chapter of difficulties and integration costs,” reads the report.

The presidential committee proposes the granting of priority when people from Romania are hired or who temporarily work abroad, as well as the linking of the migration policies with those of regional development, as well as the encouragement of the projects of local development.
The makers of the study believe that abroad, there are some 2.5 million Romanian emigrants and that around 40 percent of them are in Italy, and some 30 percent in Spain.

On the other hand, the members of the committee are of the opinion that the period of economic crisis will prompt a contraction of this phenomenon. Stressed is also the fact that the main risks associated with emigration are the acceleration of the local workforce getting old, the stressing of the specific deficits on economic sectors and a cut in the economic competitiveness.
Sectors such as constructions, the textile industry or medicine already register a clear deficit of workforce because of emigration.

The makers of the report remark the fall in the number of newly-born in the first half of the year 1990 and the keeping in the following years of natality at a low value. Noticed has also been that, although the number of newly-born whose mothers are younger than 15 does not differ sensibly from that of 1989.

At the same time, the number and share of the children born out of deadlock has rapidly increased in Romania, after 1989, from 15 percent, in the first half of 1990, to almost 30 percent of the past years.

The most important of the recommendations of the commission in this respect is the need of adopting coherent measures aimed at the diminution of the degree of deterioration of the demographic situation and – on a long term – a stabilization in the number of population.

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