The reform process of the Strasbourg-based Court was launched in 2001 still, when Protocol 14 to the European Convention of Human Rights was drafted, opened for signature in 2004. Considering the lengthy ratification process of this instrument, a temporary document was adopted in May 2009, Protocol 14 bis, in the aim to provide a short term answer to the overloading issue of the ECHR role.
The temporary document has been applied starting June 2009 in the Court’s relation with some states and, once Protocol 14 comes into force, the 14 bis will become void. The Interlaken conference is aimed at outlining the evolution of an European control mechanism created by the European Convention on Human Rights.
To this end the participants seek the adoption of a Declaration to include the reform main action lines in the period following the Protocol 14 enactment. The Declaration will be accompanied by an Action Plan, set to establish the principles governing further reform of the control mechanism of the human rights observance.