Any „road map” to settle the Transnistrian conflict must be based on sustaining Republic of Moldova’s territorial integrity, otherwise no desirable result would be achieved – political analyst Vladimir Socor from Jamestown Foundation highlighted in Bucharest, during the NATO Parliamentary Assembly / NATO PA/.
Vladimir Socor made this remark in his speech on „Developments in Ukraine and Republic of Moldova. Security deficit in Eastern Europe „, given in front of the NATO PA Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security.
The Transnistrian conflict is one of the main challenges faced by the Republic of Moldova in security matters and, in this sense, the political analyst believes that entities participating in the „5 +2” format consultations should include in their projects a „road map ” for the settlement of the conflict related to the Republic of Moldova territorial integrity. Currently, the European Union, OSCE and the U.S. have dropped these references, and only Ukraine preserved them in the documents prepared for discussion, Socor also said.
We remind that participants in consultations on the Transnistrian conflict settlement decided at the end of September, in Moscow, the resumption of official negotiations in „5 +2” format, suspended in 2006, just months after their launch. The „5 +2” format includes Russia, Ukraine and OSCE / Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe / – as mediators, the EU and U.S. – as observers, and Chisinau and Tiraspol – as parties involved in the conflict.
The international community must understand that it is a mistake to regard the Transnistrian conflict as an intra-state one, under conditions in which Russia was from the very start a direct participant in this conflict, the analyst pinpointed.
Vladimir Socor is optimistic however as regards an approach „by default” of the Republic of Moldova to Europe, in conditions in which part of the population is taking a pro-western stand.
The analyst was mentioned that the Republic of Moldova was for a large part of the past decade the sole state in post-soviet Europe led by communists, and the most popular politician was the Russian leader, Vladimir Putin.
According to Vladimir Socor, the situation and security challenges in Ukraine are different, this being a larger state and through which 80 percent of the Russian gas consumed in the EU is passing.
In his opinion, the president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, has been evolving in time, becoming a defender of Ukraine’s national interests in front of Russia, given that these interests are sustained by the proximity to the European Union and, in this context, the West should accept the signing of the three agreements desired by Kiev – an in-depth free trade agreement, one on visa facilitation and the association agreement with the European Union.
The analyst also recommended, however, to the west that sustaining these Ukraine’s expectations may not be conditioned by the evolution of the trial opened against the former Prime Minister , Yulia Timoshenko, for abuse of power, nor by the outcome of future legislative elections in 2012.