Tribute paid to Constantin Brancusi at Academy of Romania
A homage lecture devoted to Constantin Brancusi, held by the Architecture and Audiovisual Arts section of the Academy of Romania, takes place on Thursday in the „Ion Heliade Radulescu” lecture theatre of the Library of the Academy in Bucharest.
According to the press office of the prestigious culture institution, there will be some figures holding speeches during the lecture named „Constantin Brancusi. New documentary benchmarks,” namely Academician Razvan Theodorescu (Brancusi and the Academy of Romania), Professor Cristian Robert Velescu PhD from the National Arts University (Brancusi and the synthesis of arts. Utopia or reality?), Ioana Vlasiu Phd, researcher with the Institute of Arts History George Oprescu (The Saint of Montparnasse) and Ion Gerota Phd (Brancusi and Dimitrie Gerota. The story of an ecorche).
Academician Marius Sala, vicepresident of the Academy of Romania, will open up the event with a „Homage speech” and poet, essayist and literary historian Laurian Stanchescu will present new documents regarding Constantin Brancusi lineage.
The movie „A tree midway between two worlds: Constantin Bracusi,” directed by Horia Muntenus, will screen during the event.
Constantin Brancusi, who was born at Hobita in Gorj County on February 19, 1876 and died in Paris on March 16, 1957, was a Romanian sculptor with an outstanding contribution to refreshing the language and shaping vision of contemporary sculpture.
Brancusi freed sculpture from the shackles of mechanical imitation of nature, refusing to reproduce reality and stressed instead the expression of the essence of things, of vitality of shape, creating the bridge between sensibility and spirituality.
He mirrored through his work the way the Romanian peasant viewed the world, the strong roots of his work suggesting tradition, myth and magic in the Romanian folk art, as the Romanian sculptor unveiled to the western world the sacred side of reality.
Central figure of the modern artistic movement, Brancusi is deemed as one of the greatest sculptors of the twentieth century. His masterpieces catch the eye by their elegance of shape and by the sensitive usage of material, combining the simplicity of Romanian folk art with the refinement of Parisian avant-garde.
Brancusi’s creative work is effervescent by 1940. His masterpieces such as the group of sculptures „Bird in space” or the group „Sleeping muse,” as well as the wooden sculptures all date back to that period. In the same time, Brancusi attends all the major collective sculpture exhibitions in the United States, France, Switzerland, the Netherlands and the UK.
At his workshop on Impasse Ronsin street in the heart of Paris, Brancusi creates a world of his own, with a Romanian ambiance and flavour. The National Museum of Modern Art in Paris (Centre Pompidou) has a large number of works of Brancusi, left by will as legacy to Romania, but gladly accepted by France, together with everything inside his workshop, after the refusal of the Romanian communist government of the fifties to collect Brancusi’s works after the sculptor’s demise.
During the age of the Soviet socialist realism in Romania, Brancusi was labelled as „one of the representatives of the rootless bourgeois cosmopolitan.” However, on December 1956, the first personal exhibition Brancusi in Europe opened at the Art Museum of the Republic in Bucharest.
It is late in 1964 that Brancusi was „rediscovered” in Romania as a genius of the nation and the monumental Targu-Jiu Ensemble including the Endless Column, the Table of silence and the Gate of the kiss could be given proper attention after having been left derelict for a quarter of a century and having come an inch close to be demolished.
Brancusi was elected posthumously a member of the Academy of Romania.