The resolution to be voted on on Friday, in Geneva, in the Human Rights Council, is the sixth document referring to democracy Romania has initiated at the UN and has all the chances to be adopted, being jointly authored by more than 50 states.
According to Secretary of State with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE) Bogdan Aurescu, the draft resolution makes the relation between the rule of law, democracy and human rights and is the first document initiated by this country in the Human Rights Council and has been one of Romania’s concerns at the UN since 2000.
‘The draft resolution is one of Romania’s concerns, which, from 2000 till 2005, promoted documents referring to such questions. In 2000 the resolution referred to promoting and consolidating democracy, in 2001, to continuing the dialogue on the measures meant to promote and consolidate democracy, in 2003, to the interdependence between democracy and human rights, in 2004, to the role of regional, sub regional organizations in promoting democracy and in 2005 it related democracy and the rule of law. These were resolutions promoted by the Commission on Human Rights, which is the body reformed and changed into this Human Rights Council,’ Aurescu told Agerpres.
The MAE representative said that this document also had a practical value for the states in the Middle East and North Africa in the context of the events that took place a year ago.
‘Here there are states interested in seeing what solutions they can use for switching to a democratic state, to a law-based state, to a state building that should also combine human rights protection, which had been affected during the regimes previous to the Arab revolutions,’ also said the Secretary of State.
The resolution promoted by the US in 1999 on promoting the right to democracy, adopted by the UN Commission on Human Rights, and the resolution promoted by Peru in 2002 on new measures meant to promote and consolidate democracy as well as the resolution promoted by the US in 2010 on the freedom of assembly and association, adopted by the UN Human Rights Council, can be added to the five Romanian initiatives.
The eight resolutions are the first documents to be adopted by the UN on promoting democracy, the rule of law and the connection between democracy and human rights. It is the first time that they have also identified within the Organization the essential components of a democratic regime and of the law-based state and the intrinsic connection between promoting democracy and the rule of law and the observance of human rights.
Since the setting up of the Human Rights Council in 2006 up to now, it has not approached the subject of democracy and human rights except for the American initiative in 2010, because of the unfavourable dynamics of some progressive initiatives promoted by the African Group, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, etc.
The events in the Middle East and the intensified currents for global democratization created a climate that is favourable to the resumption of the initiatives on promoting democracy within the UN. Moreover, the offensive launched by some states that aim to impose their own version on democracy globally brings about the intensification of efforts for reasserting the common principles and values, which underlie democracy and can be a guide to democracies in transition.
Aurescu informed on Wednesday that the resolution initiated by Romania on promoting human rights and democracy would be voted on on Friday in the UN Human Rights Council.
‘On Friday, in the Human Rights Council in Geneva, they will vote on an important resolution initiated by Romania on human rights and democracy. We hope that this resolution will be voted for by a large majority of the members of the Human Rights Council. This will be another contribution made by Romania to the UN system in point of promoting the important values that are already principles of the international law: democracy and human rights,’ said Aurescu.