In Romania there are five people of working age for each person aged 65 years or older, and also for each child aged up to 15 years, shows a Eurostat report that has been released in Brussels.
The survey has found that the EU population continues to grow, having stood at 503.7 million on January 1, 2012, up by 6 per cent from 1992. In comparison to the same period, the number of people aged over 65 years rose among the total population, as well, from 14 per cent to 18 per cent. Family structure is changing at the same time, with increasingly fewer marriages, more divorces and a growing number of births out of wedlock, the report has also found.
Romania recorded in 1992 a total rate of 50.9 in terms of dependence on the population of working age, which was reduced to 43 in 2012. In that respect, a lower dependence rate was recorded last year only in Slovakia (39.2 per cent), Poland (40.7 per cent) and Cyprus (41.5 per cent).
Among the children under 15 years, the rate of dependence on other people in Romania stood at 34.3 per cent in 1992 and decreased to 21.5 per cent in 2012, while that of the people aged 65 years and older, in the same situation, increased from 16.6 per cent in 1991 to 21.5 per cent in 2012.
Marriage rate per 1,000 people in Romania declined from 8.3 in 1990 to 6.1 in 2000, and to 4.9 in 2011, but only seven countries surpass Romania in that regard: Cyprus (7.3), Lithuania (6.3), Malta (6.1), Poland (5.4), Finland (5.3), Latvia (5.2) and Sweden (5).
The number of divorces per 1,000 people has decreased as well in the last 20 years, from 1.4 in 1990 to 1.7 in 2011.
As to the births out of wedlock, Romania recorded in that category 25.5 per cent in 2000 and 30 per cent in 2011, below the EU average of 39.5 per cent. Only five EU countries and Croatia have reported lower rates in that respect.